But now their hopes were higher; for they had food for some weeks with care–chiefly cram, of course, and they were very tired of it; but cram is much better than nothing–
-The Hobbit, J.R.R. Tolkein
What is cram?
Cram was used in two journeys as sustenance- the first in The Hobbit, and second in The Lord of the Rings. “More of a chewing exercise”, this rather unexciting food is made by the men of Esgaroth and Dale. There are many forums that discuss cram, and many agree it’s a type of hardtack. Hardtack is a biscuit made of flour, water and salt, taken on long trips to sea, that lasts for months.
Because Tolkien probably took inspiration from rural England, I wanted to make this recipe wholesome and rustic. To do this, we’re using plain flour and wheat germ to bring the flour back to it’s ‘less refined’ version- wheat germ is removed during the milling process when creating flour.
While not an exciting food to eat, the nut flours and sesame seeds add additional nutrition to the biscuit and provides a quite lovely taste. Walnut, almond or hazelnut is recommended, nuts that have been used even in the Middle Ages in the UK.